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Know fire, prevent fire
2008-08-21

Fires can cause major disasters and loss of lives in buildings such as offices, hotels, shopping centers, hospitals, schools and homes. Such disasters can be avoided if proper fire safety practices are observed. The best prevention is to eliminate fire hazards. Therefore, as a responsible citizen, you need to know what fire hazards are and what you should do to remove them from your home or work place. In fact, fire equipment such as fire extinguisher can cope with an initial fire. At that time, you will find even a simple fire equipment is so useful, and you will find the importance of allocate fire equipment or the fire protection system. Fire Control Systems is your first line in fire protection. Remember, the fire before it comes will not advance to inform you, do not wait until after burned and regret it. What Is a Fire Extinguisher The fire extinguisher is simply a pressure vessel from which is expelled a material (or agent) to put out a fire. The agent acts upon the chemistry of the fire by removing one or more of the three elements necessary to maintain fire—commonly referred to as the fire triangle. The three sides of the fire triangle are fuel, heat, and oxygen. Extinguisher Description There are several types of fire extinguishers. Water Red in color, it contains nine liters of water under pressure and is to be used in an upright position, is unsuitable for flammable liquid fires.  Foam Blue in color, it contains nine liters of an aqueous film-forming foam additive, and is to be used in an upright position. Carbon Dioxide Red in color with a black band, it is designed for use on fires involving flammable liquids and lives electrical equipment. Dry Chemical Red in color with a white band, it contains a bi-carbonate based powder and is suitable for fires involving flammable liquids and live electrical equipment. Wet Chemical Gold in color, it has a liquid alkaline extinguishing agent, and is specifically designed for use in kitchens on deep fryer fires involving fat and cooking oil. This extinguisher must never be used on fires involving live electrical equipment. BCF(halo) Yellow in color, these extinguishers have been withdrawn in accordance with environmental guidelines since 1 January 1997. Please return any existing units to Maintenance. How to Use a Fire Extinguisher Chances are you will encounter a fire at least once in your life, and you need to know how to use a Fire Extinguisher. Steps 1. Do not attempt to extinguish any fire before calling for help. 2. Assess the fire. The fire you encounter can be varied in size. Depending on the amount of fuel, available oxygen, and the heat source present, your fire could be quite large or very small. 3. Assess the type of fire, and ensure that your fire extinguisher is compatible with the fire you are attempting to extinguish.  4. Ready the Fire Extinguisher. 5£®Aim for the base of the fire. Shooting into the flame is a waste of your fire extinguisher as you are not putting out the source of the flame. 6£®Remember (P.A.S.S.): Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep. Pull the safety pin from the handle. Aim the extinguisher nozzle or hose at the base of the fire. Squeeze the handle to discharge the agent. Sweep side to side approximately 6' from the fire until expended. Tips Remove Fuel, Oxygen or Heat to eliminate the fire. Call or have someone else call fire alarm or the appropriate emergency number for your country as soon as possible. Warnings Make sure you have the proper class of fire extinguisher for the fuel. If you are purchasing extinguishers for someplace with a lot of electronics, try to avoid the 'dry chemical' variety. Instead, use a CO2 or halo extinguisher. Don't use a wet type; it could cause electrocution and a short circuit. Fire extinguishers use up their charge very quickly, exercise control with your spray, and try to evenly extinguish the flames. What to Do If a Fire Breaks Out If you discover a fire, but have no fire extinguishers, do not panic. Just follow these simple steps: 1. Evacuate premises: get everyone out. 2. Contain fire: Close the door to contain the fire 3. Turn gas mains off and call for help: Turn off the gas mains if you can reach it. Call the fire alarm. 4. Fight fire without endangering self: Fight the fire if you can, but only do so without endangering yourself or others.

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